Anyone can plant a few seeds and call it a vegetable garden, but it takes a little more effort to consider which of the possible vegetable garden layouts will work for you and your space. Since planning a garden is usually done only once, it’s important to give some serious thought to the layout of your vegetable garden before any gardening activity begins.
You’ll need to decide how large you want your garden to be and which arrangement of plants (four-square, wide rows, rows, triangle and so on) best suits your purpose.
Hopefully, you can draw some inspiration for your particular garden space from these vegetable garden layouts below.
Raised Garden Beds
A raised garden bed is made by creating a bed of soil that measures about three to four feet wide. The soil is enclosed by a frame made of boards, wood, blocks, or even rocks. This is a popular garden layout that works well for several reasons.
First, it provides the right conditions for any vegetable you want to grow since you choose the soil type for the garden bed. Raised garden beds also keep weeds from the garden, prevent soil compaction, provide good drainage and serve as a barrier to pests such as slugs and snails. This is a good choice for many vegetable plants.
If you’re handy and have the time, you can make your own raised garden bed. However, if that’s not an option for you, you can buy one of the many raised garden bed kits that are readily available online. They are reasonably priced and can be constructed with very little time and effort.
Traditional Vegetable Rows
You can take the conventional route and plant your vegetables using simple rows. This vegetable garden layout is simple, easy to implement and flexible. All you need to do is to plant each vegetable type in its assigned row.
Pallet Garden Layouts
This layout is perfect for small vegetable gardens, and it’s economical too! It entails having a raised garden bed with a pallet at one end of the bed. A variety of vegetables can be grown in different squares on the bed.
The pallet serves as climbing support for plants such as tomatoes, pole beans, watermelons and cucumbers. If you don’t have enough space but still want a home garden, this layout can help you maximize small spaces while giving excellent yields.
4 x 4 Square-Foot Garden Layouts
If you’re a beginner gardener, you may find this vegetable garden layout is right for you. It’s an efficient way to make use of a single raised garden bed. The design consists of several 4 x 4-foot squares on a raised garden bed with a lattice separating each section. The lattice demarcates each square foot and prevents plants from overlapping. You can plant different vegetables in each of the squares for multiple harvests. But make sure they’re plants that grow well together.
Multiple Raised Garden Beds
This type of vegetable garden layout consists of several beds covering a bigger yard. It’s particularly beneficial for growing a lot of food to feed a large family. Each bed can have different vegetables, so there’s no need to worry about plant placement. Also, it is an excellent way to encourage pollinators, especially with a wide variety of vegetables, herbs and flowers in different beds.
Concrete Block Garden
People with little or no woodworking skills will find this vegetable garden layout easy to create. All that’s needed are a few concrete blocks to create small square boundaries for your garden beds. The blocks can also create attractive pathways so you can move easily around the garden.
Horizontal Pallet Garden
Many people think that a pallet garden has to be vertical, but that’s not the case at all! Take a pallet (you can get one free from a garden shop), attach some burlap cloth to the base and sides and staple it in place. Lay it burlap-side down on the ground and fill it up with compost soil. You’ve now created neat rows of garden beds for your vegetables.
Companion Vegetable Garden Layouts
Some plants are known as companion plants because they complement each other. Onions and lettuce are one example, tomatoes and basil are another. A companion vegetable garden layout enables plants to thrive in each other’s company and keeps other plants that might attract harmful pests at a distance.
Like this article? Pin it on Pinterest
Spring Vegetable Garden Layouts
Ideal for planting spring vegetables such as peas, broccoli and greens, or spinach, kale and chard, this layout is quite large to allow the vegetables enough room to spread out. It typically includes several pathways leading to different vegetable sections.
Summer Vegetable Garden Layouts
This vegetable garden layout is ideal for zones with short growing seasons. Typically, it involves planting smaller herbs and vegetables in the front and mid rows of your garden, while having climbers at the back. For example, the front rows could include vegetables such as Swiss chard and hot peppers; the mid rows might have cherry tomatoes, lettuce and basil; then there could be pole beans at the back.
Fall Vegetable Garden Layouts
A fall vegetable garden layout works well for autumn crops such as carrots, lettuce, beets, and Asian greens. The design is usually made up of several rows and sections of mixed autumn crops.
Kitchen Garden Layouts
The kitchen garden concept is a small plot of land near the house where herbs and vegetables are grown. It’s excellent for planting pest- and disease-resistant vegetables using the row cropping method. So even if you forget to weed as often as is required, your veggies will still grow well. The kitchen garden layout is best for growing enough food for just one person throughout the summer.
Flower/Vegetable Garden Layouts
Apart from adding a beautiful splash of color, growing flowers in your vegetable garden can protect your vegetables too. For example marigolds and chrysanthemums repel certain insects and pests. A typical flower/vegetable layout would have a variety of vegetables on the inside with flowers on the outside.
Making this vegetable garden layout is quite easy and fun, especially if you love potatoes. A potato tower is built using support posts, chicken wire and straw. The vertical tower allows you to grow potatoes exclusively and can be a good solution for those with small yards or urban gardens.
Once you’ve decided on a layout for your vegetable garden, you’ll have the foundation for many years of growing and eating pleasure. Now all you need to do is start planting!